BIOMEDICAL FOUNDATIONS THROUGH CLINICAL CASES


In line with changing trends in undergraduate dental education, the Biomedical Foundations through Clinical Cases (BFCC) series contextualises the basic sciences by integrating them within clinical teaching. This approach has been demonstrated to achieve better outcomes for students and, in the long run, their patients.

Developed in partnership with leading universities from around the world, the BFCC content has been designed to be multifaceted and enjoyable, rewarding the user by displaying progress and comparing success, all of which have been shown to improve knowledge retention.

The BFCC library comprises of over 30 in-depth clinical case modules contained within 13 subject pillars. Each module is a 45-minute interactive, computer-based programme taught in English and based on one key medical condition.

Through the presentation of a patient led case, the student is driven through a horizontal integration of anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology to the multidiscipline management of that condition. Formative assessments through Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs) and Short-Answered Questions (SAQs) are strategically placed within each module to test the students' understanding of the subject and also familiarise them with this style of assessment.

Select a pillar below to find out more about the available modules:


PILLARS AND MODULES
NEUROPHYSIOLOGY
Trigeminal Neuralgia
  • Anatomy of the three divisions of the trigeminal nerve
  • Significance of arterial pulsation
  • Nerve function – including electrical activity and synaptic transmission
  • Receptive fields
  • Signs, symptoms and differential diagnosis of trigeminal neuralgia
  • Interprofessional management
HEAD & NECK
Caries
  • Anatomy, physiology and histology of the oral cavity
  • Microbiology of caries – including bacterial sugar metabolism and the anticaries activity of fluoride
  • Pathology and Biochemistry of Caries – including acid production and the protective functions of saliva
  • Interprofessional management
Salivary Stones
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the salivary glands
  • Biochemistry of saliva – including the protective roles of salivary proteins
  • Pathophysiology of salivary stones – including how calcium phosphate crystals develop into salivary stones
  • Interprofessional management
IMMUNOLOGY
HIV
  • Pathophysiology of infection – including the key phases of infection, HIV structure and immune defence mechanisms
  • HIV aetiology and diagnosisv
  • Interprofesisonal management
Herpes
  • Life cycle of the herpes viruses
  • Process of infection
  • Antiviral properties of aciclovir
  • Screening samples for HSV
  • Interprofessional management
Candidiasis
  • Morphology and growth cycles of Candida fungi
  • Opportunistic Candida infections and why they occur
  • Antifungal medications
  • Oral manifestations of candidiasis
  • Interprofessional management
CARDIOVASCULAR
Coronary Artery Disease
  • Primary macro and micro anatomical location of atherosclerosis
  • Biochemistry of cholesterol and LDL in the formation of the atherosclerotic plaque
  • Risks of complications of atherosclerosis
  • Interconnectedness of genetics, diet, lifestyle and cardiovascular disease in plaque formation
  • Interprofessional management
Infection Endocarditis
  • Anatomy of the cardiovascular system
  • Microbiology of infective endocarditis
  • Pathogenesis of endocarditis
  • Risks of complications associated with infective endocarditis
  • Interprofessional management
Myocardial Infarction
  • Anatomy, physiology, biochemistry of the cardiovascular system
  • Pathophysiology of myocardial infarction
  • Interprofessional management
Congenital Heart Conditions
  • Anatomy, physiology and development of the heart and major blood vessels
  • Pathogenesis of congenital heart defects
  • Interprofessional management
Hypertension
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the circulatory system
  • Interconnectedness of blood pressure, circulatory volume, types of blood vessels, diet and exercise
  • Control mechanisms of blood pressure
  • Interprofessional management
Congestive Heart Failure
  • Anatomy of the heart and locations of congestive heart disease
  • Pathogenesis of congestive heart disease
  • Pathological stages of congestive heart failure
  • Interprofessional management
Valve Replacement
  • Anatomy and physiology of heart valves
  • Pathology of heart valves
  • Prosthetic heart valves and their mode of placement
  • Risks and complications of prosthetic valve replacements
  • Interprofessional management
PULMONARY
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the lower respiratory system
  • Process of respiration
  • Interconnectedness of breathing, integrity of the respiratory system and oxygenation of tissues
  • Pathology of COPD
  • Interprofessional management
Tuberculosis
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the respiratory system
  • Pathophysiology
  • Clinical symptoms and diagnosis
  • Interprofessional management
Asthma
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the respiratory system
  • Pathophysiology
  • Clinical symptoms and diagnosis of the condition
  • Interprofessional management
Upper Respiratory Infection
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the upper respiratory system
  • Pathology of upper respiratory tract infections
  • Interprofessional management
Cystic Fibrosis
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the affected organs
  • Genetics related to the condition and its clinical manifestations
  • Interprofessional management
HEPATIC
Viral Hepatitis
  • Anatomical, biochemical and physiological principals of liver function
  • The role of bilirubin in liver function
  • Pathology of liver disease
  • Pathophysiology and biochemical mechanisms of Hepatitis B infection
  • Preventing transmission of viral hepatitis
  • Interprofessional management
Gallstones
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the biliary tract
  • Biochemistry of the components in the bile and their role in gallstone formation
  • Genetic and environmental factors related to gallstones
  • Symptoms and diagnosis of gallstones
  • Interprofessional management
ENDOCRINE
Diabetes
  • Basic functions of hormones
  • Control of hormone secretion by nervous mechanisms, hormonal mechanisms, and negative feedback
  • Gross anatomy and histology of the pancreas
  • Differences between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
  • Symptoms and causes of hypoglycaemia
  • Interprofessional management
GASTROINTESTINAL
Dysphagia
  • Anatomy of the pharynx and oesophagus
  • Biochemistry of lubrication
  • Physiology of swallowing
  • Pathology of dysphagia – including the causes of propulsive and structural dysphagia
  • Interprofessional management
Gastroesophogal Reflux Disease Peptic Ulcer (GERD)
  • Process of gastric acid production and its function
  • Anatomy of the stomach and oesophagus
  • Pathology of GERD
  • Controlling gastric acid production
  • Oral symptoms of GERD
  • Interprofessional management
Peptic Ulcer
  • Anatomy, biochemistry, histology, physiology relating to peptic ulcer disease
  • Mechanisms that control acid secretion in the stomach
  • Pathology of peptic ulcer disease
  • Control gastric acid production
  • Control of H. pylori infection
  • Interprofessional management
Obesity
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the small intestine, liver, pancreas and adipose tissue
  • Role of the small intestine, liver and pancreas in absorbing nutrients
  • Major pathways of intermediary metabolism
  • Control mechanisms of hunger and appetite
  • Interprofessional management
Malabsorption
  • Anatomy, histology and physiology of the small and large intestines
  • Secretory, digestive and absorptive functions of the small and large intestines
  • Absorption process of minor nutrients, ions, vitamins, water and other essentials
  • Pathology and consequences of maldigestion/malabsorption
  • Interprofessional management
RENAL
Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Anatomy and physiology of the renal system
  • Aetiology and diagnosis of chronic kidney disease
  • Interprofessional management
Dialysis
  • Anatomy and physiology of a nephron
  • Causes of acute and chronic renal failure
  • General and oral side-effects of dialysis
  • Interprofessional management
MUSCULOSKELETAL
Osteoporosis
  • Anatomy of bone at both a macroscopic and microscopic level
  • Control mechanisms that govern bone remodelling
  • Pathophysiology of osteoporosis
  • Epidemiology, aetiology and risk factors associated with osteoporosis
  • Interprofessional management
HAEMATOLOGY
Anaemia
  • Defining anaemia – including signs and symptoms
  • Classifying anaemias and describing their aetiologies
  • Process of erythropoiesis
  • Describe the oral manifestations of anaemia
  • Interprofessional management
Leukaemia and Lymphoma
  • Types of leukocytes and their function
  • Anatomy and function of the lymphatic system
  • Pathogenesis of leukaemia and lymphoma
  • Identifying stages of lymphoma and the classifications of leukaemia
  • Interprofessional management
Thrombocytopathy
  • Cellular anatomy of platelets, and their production
  • Physiology and biochemistry of platelet function
  • Causes of thrombocytopenia – including drug action and congenital conditions
  • Interprofesional management




WHAT IS IT?


The Healthcare Learning Schools Network is a global education platform that hosts over 400 hours of eLearning to support and reinforce key messages taught within undergraduate healthcare curriculums. The available content includes our ground-breaking Biomedical Foundations through Clinical Cases series, which introduces the basic medical sciences in the context of patient case studies.

From Communications Skills and Risk Management, to Infection Control and Radiography, universities can also choose from a wide range of additional healthcare modules to complement their teaching. Video, animations, illustrations, clinical imagery and photographs are used throughout our modules to provide students with an immersive viewpoint not available through traditional didactic learning methods. In-course assessments and activities also allow students to test and reinforce their understanding as they progress through the content.

The content sits on an intelligent platform which is able to provide valuable data on student participation, understanding and progress.  The platform is also able to highlight possible topics of concern so that focused individual attention can be provided.





HOW DOES IT WORK?


The HLSN content library has been designed to provide universities with a variety of different ways to integrate the learning into their existing curriculum. We will work with you to ensure that the content is adapted to meet any particular needs of the university, such as the course structure, language and even subject (which we are able to adapt for medical and biomedical science courses).

Curriculum Integration
The broad range of available content from Communications in Dentistry, to Biomedical Foundations through Clinical Cases, has been specifically selected to complement existing teaching of a variety of different subjects. Our dedicated team will work to assess the current curriculum and provide you with the right solution for bringing this learning into your programme.

Platform Integration
Over the years, we have established ourselves as one of healthcare's leading innovators of online learning technologies. With this wealth of experience behind us, we are able to integrate the content into existing online learning environments, or license the modules via our HLSN (Healthcare Learning Schools Network) platform for student access.


Tailored Learning
The programmes can be viewed individually at the students own pace, and/or integrated into a group tutorial where by the students and lecturer can interact and compare opinions and findings. This flipped classroom mode of learning is rapidly being adopted to enhance the impact of university lecturers.